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问题 13. 何时,如何脱色素?

2019-3-1 13:02| 发布者: admin| 查看: 605| 评论: 0

摘要: 问题 13. 何时,如何脱色素?

 

Question13. Depigmentation: when and how?

 

问题 13. 何时如何脱?

 

Key points

 

要点

If, after consistent treatment(s) for vitiligo, satisfactory repigmentation is not achieved, one can consider depigmentation to avoid the skin color contrast.

 

如果经过持续的白癜风治疗,没有达到满 意的复色,患者可考虑脱色素来避免肤色 反差。

 

  Chemicals, such as hydroquinone and monobenzone, have been used as topical agents, with increasing doubts as for their safety profile.

 

莫诺本宗,来作 为此类治疗的外用制剂,但是对其安全性 的质疑越来越多。

 

Many types of lasers (including Q-switched, alexandrite and Ruby Laser) have been used successfully alone or in combination with topical chemical depigmentary agents.

 

多种类型的激光(包括 Q 开关、翠绿宝石 和红宝石激光)单用或与外用化学脱色剂 联合应用。

 

Cryotherapy has been used with promising results, but pigment recurrence is always possible.

 

应用冷冻疗法有望有效,但也只是有可能 会出现色素的恢复。

Answer

解答

 

Depigmentation is an option for vitiligo management that can be used when all repigmentation treatments have failed. The scope of cutaneous depigmentation is to reach a uniform (white or very fair) skin color.

 

 

脱色素是当所有复色治疗均失败时应对白 癜风的一种选择,目标是达到肤色的均匀。


 

 

Depigmentation is a process that destroys the remaining cutaneous melanocytes in the skin: patients should be aware that they will stay for the rest of their life with the skin that is not “their own skin”.

 

 

脱色的黑细胞者必须知道他们脱色之后的肤色将会伴随 他们余生。

 

It  may  happen  that  one  cannot  cope  with extreme photosensitivity.

 

可能会出现无法应对的极度的光敏感。

 

The ideal candidates for depigmentation are adult patients with few residual dark spots scattered over the face or on other visible areas of the body.

 

进行脱色素治疗的理想患者是仅有少数深 色斑点散在分布于面部和身体其他可见部 位的成年人。

 

Children should not be considered eligible for depigmentation treatments.

 

儿童不考虑脱色素治疗。


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